top of page


Muscles are resilient and adaptable human body structures that produces forces through their attachments onto bone via tendons to create movement and control around joints. They are also used for high speed and powerful movements such as sprinting, and slower movements such as squatting. They are capable of working at different ranges, levels of stretch and strain.


Muscle injuries can be distressingly painful. Some are more susceptible to strains and tears than others. Symptoms include: bruising, swelling, redness, pain at rest or with exertion, inability to use muscle, muscle and tendon weakness.


The most common causes of musculoskeletal (MSK) muscle pain are tension, stress, weakness, overuse and injuries. This type of pain is usually localized, affecting just a muscle group or body part. It is usually activity / sports related, age, work lifestyle related and has a good prognosis.

Some examples include:

  • Muscle cramps

  • Myofascial pain syndrome

  • Repetitive strain / sprains > tears

  • Exertional rhabhyiolysis


A muscle injury occurs when muscle fibers cannot cope with the demands placed on them by exercise overload and leads to tearing of the fibers. It is a contraction-induced injury in which muscle fibers tear due to extensive mechanical stress. This mostly occurs as a result of a powerful eccentric contraction or over-stretching of the muscle. Therefore, it is typical for non-contact sports with dynamic characteristics such as sprinting and jumping.


It is important to know that you will get better over time if you are consistent with your rehabilitation programme. A physiotherapist may play a key role as a coach on your recovery journey. This could take up to a week for a grade one muscle injury or up to three months for a muscle injury with tendon involvement.  

bottom of page